The idea that man is the measure of all things came during the times of enlightenment. The enlightenment was a revolution in thought which took place in the eighth century in Europe. One of its main ideas was that man is autonomous; that is, man starts out from himself and measures all things by himself. There was no place for God. The philosophers felt that reason (man's mind) should be supreme, rather than any communication from God. They promulgated a humanistic life – not divine. These were the beginning of humanism movement.
The effects of the enlightenment philosophers were to be grave indeed. In the article that was first published in the London Times, in 1978 entitled “When Scientists Play the Role of God” the author catalogs cases in hospitals where doctors and nursements performed experiments that devalue and degrade life – the main base of the arguments backing these experiments was that human life is just like the rest of the animals – the only difference is that human life is more complex – there is no image of God on the human being since there is no God. And further (in line with this philosophy) that since all life derived from matter, then human life is no different to stone or tree.
The authors HJ Blackham et al, in their book “Objections to Humanism” were the first to provide a viable account of the error that comes with the ideas coming from the Enlightenment period that there is no God. Today most people still believe that there is God – the controller and ruler of the world. But the idea of the enlightenment is still with us. Today, again in Europe, Britain's most famous physician Stephen Hawking, preaching from his book “The Grand Design” is on a world campaign to promote these ideas.
In The Grand Design Stephen Hawking provides an analysis of the intertwining of metaphysics and physics through the ages. The book precisely says God was not needed to create the Universe. In The Grand Design, Stephen Hawking writes “Because there is a law such as gravity, the Universe can and will create itself from nothing. Spontaneous creation is the reason there is something rather than nothing, why the Universe exists, why we exist. is not necessary to invoke God to light the blue touch paper and set the Universe going “.
When Scientists Play the Role of God danger is everywhere!